We Are Change http://wearechange.org Be the Change You Wish to See in the World. Fri, 17 Apr 2015 23:55:54 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Study Finds Pineapple Enzymes More Effective Than Chemotherapy http://wearechange.org/study-finds-pineapple-enzymes-more-effective-than-chemotherapy/ http://wearechange.org/study-finds-pineapple-enzymes-more-effective-than-chemotherapy/#comments Fri, 17 Apr 2015 21:52:12 +0000 http://wearechange.org/?p=34619 We Are Change

Source: Global Research Could an extract of pineapple f […]

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Source: Global Research

Could an extract of pineapple fruit be both safer and more effective than a blockbuster chemotherapy agent?

Every once in a while a study pops up on the National Library of Medicine’s bibliographic citation database known as MEDLINE that not only confirms the therapeutic relevance of natural substances in cancer treatment, but blows the conventional approach out of the water. Published in 2007 in the journal Planta Medica, researchers found that an enzyme extracted from pineapple stems known as bromelain was superior to the chemo-agent 5-fluorauracil in treating cancer in the animal model. The researchers stated:

“This antitumoral effect [bromelain] was superior to that of 5-FU [5-fluorouracil], whose survival index was approximately 263 %, relative to the untreated control.”

What is so remarkable about this research is that 5-FU has been used as a cancer treatment for nearly 40 years, and has been relatively unsuccessful due to its less than perfect selectivity at killing cancer, often killing and/or irreversibly damaging healthy cells and tissue, as well.

As a highly toxic, fluoride-bound form of the nucleic acid uracil, a normal component of RNA, the drug is supposed to work by tricking more rapidly dividing cells — which include both cancer and healthy intestinal, hair follicle, and immune cells — into taking it up, thereby inhibiting (read: poisoning) RNA replication enzymes and RNA synthesis.

The material safety data sheet (MSDS) for 5-FU states:

5fu

The dose at which 50% of the animals given the drug die is 115mg/kg, or the equivalent of 7.8 grams for a 150 lb adult human.

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Keep in mind that a 7.5 gram dose of 5-FU, which is the weight of 3 pennies, would kill 50% of the humans given it. Bromelain’s MSDS, on the other hand, states the LD50 to be 10,000 mg/kg, or the equivalent 1.5 lbs of bromelain for a 150lb adult, which means it is 3 orders of magnitude safer!

3-Pennies

How then, can something as innocuous as the enzyme from the stem/core of a pineapple be superior to a drug that millions of cancers patients over the past 40 years have placed their hopes of recovery on, as well as exchanging billions of dollars for?

There is a well-known effect associated with a wide range of natural compounds called “selective cytotoxicity,” whereby they are able to induce programmed cell death (the graceful self-disassembly known as apoptosis) within the cancer cells, while leaving healthy cells and tissue unharmed. No FDA-approved chemotherapy drug on the market today has this indispensable property (because chemicals don’t have behave like natural compounds), which is why cancer treatment is still in the dark ages, often destroying the quality of life, and accelerating the death of those who undergo it, often unwittingly. When a person dies following conventional cancer treatment it is all too easy to “blame the victim” and simply write that patient’s cancer off as “chemo-resistant,” or “exceptionally aggressive,” when in fact the non-selective nature of the chemotoxic agent is what ultimately lead to their death.

Keep in mind that bromelain, like all natural substances, will never receive FDA drug approval. Capital, at the present time, does not flow into the development of non-patentable (i.e. non-profitable) cancer therapies, even if they work, are safe and extremely affordable. This is simply the nature of the beast. Until we compel our government to utilize our tax dollars to invest in this type of research, there will be no level playing field in cancer treatment, or any treatment offered through the conventional medical establishment, for that matter. Or, some of us may decide to take our health into our own hands, and use the research, already freely available on possible natural cancer treatment, to inform our treatment decisions without the guidance of the modern day equivalent of the “priest” of the body, the conventional oncologist, who increasingly fills the description of an “applied pharmacologist/toxicologist” – nothing more, nothing less.

To view additional research on the potential therapeutic properties of bromelain in over 30 health conditions, visit the open source, natural medical resource page on bromelain.

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Bloggers are more dangerous to US Government than ISIS http://wearechange.org/bloggers-compared-to-isis-and-the-war-on-alternative-news/ http://wearechange.org/bloggers-compared-to-isis-and-the-war-on-alternative-news/#comments Fri, 17 Apr 2015 18:35:07 +0000 http://wearechange.org/?p=34602 We Are Change

By Alec Cope We Are Change [All personal views are sole […]

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By David Dees

By David Dees

By Alec Cope
We Are Change

[All personal views are solely the writer’s and do not reflect the views of WRC as a whole]

News continues to become more and more bizarre – “bloggers” on the same level as ISIS (more on them later)??

Ed Royce who is currently on California’s 39th congressional district asks Liz Wahl, former news presenter at RT news the similarity between ISIS and “conspiracy bloggers”. They both reinforced each others perception on the current situation in Ukraine as well as ISIS. Liz Wahl asserted that these bloggers are pure misinformation and can be equated to ISIS as in their methods of open communication (the Internet) and gathering in large numbers (because of the Internet) demonstrate the definitive proof of this analysis. Royce, later agrees with Wahl, but also claims that theorists cite violence, with a few “billion” views on YouTube for a thesis on their views.

At the time of writing this, a mere month has passed since the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has released their “domestic terrorist list” via the Southern Poverty Law Center. We Are Change was on that list beside neo-nazis, with Luke Rudkowski having an entire profile dedicated to him. Those who know our content and integrity will have a hearty laugh at the action, however this demonstrates how the current power structure views “alternative” news – it worries them. All the while, people such as Hillary Clinton and the ever “honorable” Henry Kissinger walk free with no justice brought to them for their innumerable crimes.

The video below is what you came to see:

The “likes” speak for themselves on the video’s YouTube page – the people do not agree with the comparison. If only these instances were isolated incidences, but they are not; the examples of the establishment’s war on alternative news is staggering. From the US media calling out Russia Today (RT News) as “slick propaganda“, websites such as AntiWar.com being targeted by DARPA dominated Google and of course We Are Change being openly censored by Google as well.
There are unfortunately other examples, but the point is that our alternative perception to the official narrative is spawning obvious hostilities.

What is odd to me, is when you take into account the bigger picture here, the very subject of ISIS takes upon itself a new light. WRC has proven that the organization that goes under the names of ISIS, ISIL, Islamic State and IS could exist if it were not for the indirect and direct influence of foreign governments. What an interesting display we have before us!

So what do we do? I am at the agreement of we continue to blast our cannons of alternative perception, never ceasing. My personal view is that we are at the cusp of something amazing in the human experience – we are on the verge of practically birthing a new world. The instruments of alternative information and new viewpoints is crucial to reawakening the human spirit of the masses.

The final video below was done by Luke Rudkowski and it sends a positive and reviting message you will not find anywhere else – enjoy:

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Three Prominent Poroshenko Critics Killed in Kiev in Three Days http://wearechange.org/three-prominent-poroshenko-critics-killed-in-kiev-in-three-days/ http://wearechange.org/three-prominent-poroshenko-critics-killed-in-kiev-in-three-days/#comments Fri, 17 Apr 2015 17:39:55 +0000 http://wearechange.org/?p=34596 We Are Change

Source: Sputnik News, LiveLeak [We Are Change has cover […]

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Source: Sputnik News, LiveLeak
[We Are Change has covered this subject extensively and videos are linked below this article]

As the political situation in Ukraine destabilizes, the suspicious killings of prominent opposition supporters continue to transpire.
A prominent Ukrainian journalist, known for his critical views of Poroshenko’s government was shot dead in Kiev on Thursday, in the latest series of suspicious deaths of opposition supporters.

Oles Buzina, 45, a supporter of ex-president Viktor Yanukovych, was shot in the street. Buzina’s body was found on the ground nearing his apartment building close to the city center. The head of Kiev’s police department Alexander Tereschuk said that a TT gun was allegedly used in the crime.
According to the neighbors, the journalist was probably shot while jogging. He was found wearing a sports outfit. The 45- year-old was shot by two men in masks who disappeared from the crime scene in a Ford Focus car with either Latvian or Belarusian number plate.

Buzina was a columnist and editor of the daily newspaper Segodnya financed by Rinat Akhmetov, Ukraine’s richest man and a leading sponsor of Yanukovych’s Party of Regions. He was an opposition journalist, writer and TV host, well-known for his criticism of Poroshenko’s goverment.

Earlier in Kiev, the murderers of Donetsk journalist Sergei Sukhobok were arrested on Thursday. The journalist was killed on the 13th April. He was one of the founders of the online media “Obkom” and “ProUA,” also known for his opposition to the current Ukrainian leadership.

Sukhobok was also the author of several hundred articles on socio-political, social, legal and economic issues. His works were published in many publications, particularly in the “Ukrainian Truth”. For a few months in 2014, he worked in Donetsk.
Following this wave of brutal killings, Russia’s MFA spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said that this is, unfortunately, only the beginning of political purges in Ukraine.

“It is scary because none of the leaders in the EU will take notice that, day after day politicians are being killed in Ukraine. Let’s try and find at least 20 tweets of foreign ministers of Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Sweden, the UK, Canada, USA, and Australia, representatives of the OSCE, EU and NATO expressing concern over the killing of Ukrainian politician and condemning the situation in Ukraine.”

Just the evening before, Oleh Kalashnikov, a former Ukrainian MP and a vocal critic of the country’s ruling government was murdered on Wednesday in Kiev. The 52-year-old was shot dead at his residence in Kiev on Wednesday evening.

“West should pay attention to the political killings in Ukraine instead of the rhetoric of sanctions against Russia,” said Konstantin Kosachev, the Head of the Federal Agency for the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Former Prime Minister of Ukraine, Mykola Azarov, said he blamed Kiev authorities for the murder of Oleh Kalashnikov.

“Terrible and bitter news came yesterday. Kiev regime has committed yet another shameful crime. Killed a prominent opposition politician Oleh Kalashnikov,” Azarov wrote on his Facebook page, noting that the victim was” a true patriot of Ukraine “honest and a decent man.”

The former Ukrainian Prime Minister appealed to the leaders of the Western countries, “because of your support in Ukraine there are political murders, terror taking place against political opponents, and all the people. What else should these Nazis do, for you to finally understand and be aware of your responsibility for what is happening now in Ukraine?” said Azarov.

We Are Change has covered this subject extensively:

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Hillary Clinton — Fighting Inequality One $200,000 Speech at a Time http://wearechange.org/hillary-clinton-fighting-inequality-one-200000-speech-at-a-time/ http://wearechange.org/hillary-clinton-fighting-inequality-one-200000-speech-at-a-time/#comments Fri, 17 Apr 2015 16:16:43 +0000 http://wearechange.org/?p=34593 We Are Change

Source: National Review I love this bit in this ABC New […]

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How Hillary Clinton Is Responsible For Overthrowing Ukraine and The Possible War With Russia
Source: National Review

I love this bit in this ABC News story about Hillary Clinton donating her college speaking fees to the Clinton Foundation:

Last week, students at the University of Nevada Las Vegas, where Clinton is scheduled to speak at a fundraiser in October, asked the former secretary of state to return her fee of $225,000 back to the university. If she does not, the students said they plan to protest her visit. When asked to respond to the students’ plea during the ABC News interview, Clinton made no suggestion she would do as they’ve requested. Clinton said that as she travels the country speaking, she is presenting new ideas to help strengthen the economy, which in turn, will help lower income inequality.

“It’s been my experience,” Clinton said, “That they’re not worried about my speaking or my household, they’re worried about their own. And that’s the kind of debate I think I’m furthering as I go around the country speaking.”

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What World Do We Enter Under DMT and Ayahuasca http://wearechange.org/what-world-do-we-enter-under-dmt-and-ayahuasca/ http://wearechange.org/what-world-do-we-enter-under-dmt-and-ayahuasca/#comments Fri, 17 Apr 2015 15:54:54 +0000 http://wearechange.org/?p=34585 We Are Change

In this video Luke Rudkowski talks to Dennis McKenna ps […]

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In this video Luke Rudkowski talks to Dennis McKenna psychedelics drugs, their role in society, the recent upsurge in knowledge of them and how use of them can transform society. Dennis is an American ethnopharmacologist, research pharmacognosist, lecturer and author. He is the brother of well-known psychedelics proponent Terence McKenna and is a founding board member and the director of ethnopharmacology at the Heffter Research Institute, a non-profit organization concerned with the investigation of the potential therapeutic uses of psychedelic medicines.

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Watch Hillary Clinton Supporters Struggle To Name One Achievement She’s Done http://wearechange.org/watch-hillary-clinton-supporters-struggle-to-name-one-achievement-shes-done/ http://wearechange.org/watch-hillary-clinton-supporters-struggle-to-name-one-achievement-shes-done/#comments Thu, 16 Apr 2015 23:03:29 +0000 http://wearechange.org/?p=34577 We Are Change

Walking around the campus of George Washington Universi […]

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Walking around the campus of George Washington University in Washington, D.C., one would find it easy to find politically aware, hard-core Hillary Clinton supporters. After all, Hillary has arguably been the most prominent woman in American politics during the past two decades and is the likely Democratic candidate for President in 2016.

But what happens when Michelle Fields of PJ Media asks those fans why they like Hillary and what her accomplishments were while serving as President Barack Obama’s Secretary of State? The results are nothing short of a disaster.

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BIG WIN! El Salvador Farmers Kick Monsanto Out http://wearechange.org/big-win-el-salvador-farmers-kick-monsanto-out/ http://wearechange.org/big-win-el-salvador-farmers-kick-monsanto-out/#comments Thu, 16 Apr 2015 22:47:59 +0000 http://wearechange.org/?p=34573 We Are Change

Source: Natural Society Farmers from El Salvador make m […]

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Source: Natural Society

Farmers from El Salvador make many US biotech farming practices look like the work of a bunch of crazed lunatics. At least in El Salvador they realize the importance of non-GM food and heritage seed saving. After outperforming Monsanto’s biotech seed with record crop yields, they have also now managed a giant defeat of Monsanto by preventing the company from supplying El Salvador with its poison seeds.

Monsanto’s biotech crops have been linked with kidney disease, liver failure, reproductive problems, and more. Most recently, the WHO called glyphosate, the main chemical ingredient in Monsanto’s herbicide Round Up, ‘probably carcinogenic.’

The El Salvador farmer resistance is great news considering the monopoly that Monsanto and other biotech companies have managed to hold over much of the rest of the world. Monsanto will deny having sway over the government, including federal judges in the US – but they actually do. Though they don’t have control everywhere. El Salvador farmers are working with the Minister of Agriculture there to lessen local farmers’ dependency on biotech seeds.

Juan Luna Vides, the director of diversified production for the Mangrove Association, a nongovernmental organization that was created to support a grassroots social movement for environmental conservation in El Salvador, says:

“Remember that Monsanto is together with DuPont, Pioneer, all the large businesses that control the world’s seed market. Unfortunately, many of the governments in Latin America, or perhaps the world, have beneficiary relationships with these companies.”

The Ministry of Agriculture just released a new round of contracts to provide seed to subsistence farmers across the country.

Monsanto attempts to do business in other markets with other company names, or brands, but the transnational hold is the same. And make no mistake, it is run by Monsanto and the other Big Six.

For example, companies like Pioneer generate commercials for various media outlets in El Salvador marketing their agrochemical products, and exerting great influence over the local farmers of the country.

Many farmers see the importance of keeping their seed supply local, though. small-scale seed producer Santos Cayetan told Truthout:

“We are losing the traditions of local seed, so we are trying to maintain it here. Native seeds don’t have what these other seeds have that come with the chemicals, based in chemicals.”

Cayetan, who is a recipient of corn seed from the government program that uses local, GMO-free seeds and also works to grow native corn, said that the difference between using local seed versus Monsanto’s is quite amazing.

“[Native seeds are] always the same, they always produce, and they’re always there,” he said. “[Native seeds] are drought resistant.”

This and other farmers also comment on the fact that local seed has been adapted to the conditions specific to the region, and Monsanto’s seed has not. The local seed grows well even in dry soil. Farmers can also save and re-use seed without having to worry about patent infringement, as well as having to repurchase seed every season since much of the GM seed Monsanto, Pioneer, and others sell is meant to self-destruct after just one season, otherwise known as suicide seed.

As in many areas of the world, one of Monsanto’s sinister goals is to force farmers to purchase the company’s seeds every year, at highly inflated prices. These seeds also rely on toxic industrial fertilizers and their best-selling herbicide, Round Up.

“[Using only local seed] would be much better [for Salvadoran farmers]; they wouldn’t have to buy seeds every year,” Vides added. “It has to do with generating the conditions to promote food security … you can produce what you consume … produce and consume the same product.”

Cayetan explains that most farmers in El Salvador cannot afford Monsanto seeds – but that is by design.

“If all the producers produced [imported] seed, [local producers] would lose their businesses … this is what [Monsanto] wants.”

Additional Sources:

Photo credit: Farmers drive through the “coffee lands” of El Salvador, November 6, 2013. (Photo: Stuart)

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Man Kills Himself At Capitol Building Protesting The 1%: Nobody Hears About It http://wearechange.org/man-kills-himself-at-capitol-building-protesting-the-1-nobody-hears-about-it/ http://wearechange.org/man-kills-himself-at-capitol-building-protesting-the-1-nobody-hears-about-it/#comments Thu, 16 Apr 2015 21:20:24 +0000 http://wearechange.org/?p=34566 We Are Change

By Alec Cope We Are Change While Congress was on Spring […]

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capshooting

By Alec Cope
We Are Change

While Congress was on Spring Recess – an unidentified man took his own life protesting the 1%.

On April 11th, 2015; during the beautiful morning hours, a man stood in front of the Capitol Building in Washington D.C. wearing a “Tax the 1%” sign. Local police say he had a roller briefcase, a backpack and the sign they also declined to identify the man until his family was notified. Witnesses say the man strode up to the fountain located in front of the building, he then briefly held up his sign and took his own life with a firearm, he died immediately.

The area was cordoned off by the police, who then brought a hazardous materials truck as well as several emergency vehicles on standby. At about 1:30 PM all seemed fairly normal aside from the curious crowd peering into the police operation. All had died down at around 3:30 PM.

But hold on a second, why wasn’t this story blasted on the mainstream “news”? This is one of the most powerful forms of protest one can ever do and it was done to apparently raise awareness to the rampaging “1%”. Yet, hardly any news outlets covered the story, which is a tragedy in itself. The police only commented that it was about “social justice”, while brushing off the man’s motives without question.

The US is one of the world’s leaders in child poverty, six of the biggest “too big to fail banks” have 276 trillion dollars in exposure to derivatives, in 33 US cities it is illegal to feed the homeless and I can go on and on. The point is that we have a lot of work to do if we are to live in a far more beautiful world than the one we have received. When those at the “lower end” of the income in the US (compared to the 1% that is) are becoming martyrs to express a message – while also being systematically ignored, it shows the true morose nature of this system. People everywhere are becoming tired of the subtle (and not so subtle) forms of oppression and will express this energy via action – this was one form of that. I ask that you share this story to raise awareness of this tragic incidence, with the faith that many more will become conscious of the turmoil brewing within many people’s hearts and minds – thank you for reading.

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Entire Country of Poland Rejects All GMO Corn http://wearechange.org/entire-country-of-poland-rejects-all-gmo-corn/ http://wearechange.org/entire-country-of-poland-rejects-all-gmo-corn/#comments Thu, 16 Apr 2015 20:13:52 +0000 http://wearechange.org/?p=34562 We Are Change

Source: Natural Society Following the anti-Monsanto act […]

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Source: Natural Society

Following the anti-Monsanto activism launched by nations like France and Hungary, Poland has announced that it will launch a complete ban on growing Monsanto’s genetically modified strain MON810. The announcement, made by Agriculture Minister Marek Sawicki, sets yet another international standard against Monsanto’s genetically modified creations. In addition to being linked to a plethora health ailments, Sawicki says that the pollen originating from this GM strain may actually be devastating the already dwindling bee population.

“The decree is in the works. It introduces a complete ban on the MON810 strain of maize in Poland,” Sawicki stated to the press.

Similar opposition to Monsanto occurred on March 9th, when 7 European countries blocked a proposal by the Danish EU presidency which would permit the cultivation of genetically modified plants on the entire continent. It was France, who in February, lead the charge against GMOs by asking the European Commission to suspend authorization to Monsanto’s genetically modified corn. What’s more, the country settled a landmark case in favor of the people over Monsanto, finding the biotech giant guilty of chemical poisoning.

In a ruling given by a court in Lyon (southeast France), grain grower Paul Francois stated that Monsanto failed to provide proper warnings on the Lasso weedkiller product label which resulted in neurological problems such as memory loss and headaches. The court ordered an expert opinion to determine the sum of the damages, and to verify the link between Lasso and the reported illnesses. The result was a guilty charge, paving the way for further legal action on behalf of injured farmers.

Since 1996, the agricultural branch of the French social security system has gathered about 200 alerts per year regarding sickness related to pesticides. However only 47 cases were even recognized in the past 10 years.

Nations are continually taking a stand against Monsanto, with nations like Hungary destroying 1000 acres of GM maize and India slamming Monsanto with ‘biopiracy‘ charges.

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This May Revolutionize How We Clean Oil-Spills http://wearechange.org/this-may-revolutionize-how-we-clean-oil-spills/ http://wearechange.org/this-may-revolutionize-how-we-clean-oil-spills/#comments Thu, 16 Apr 2015 16:19:46 +0000 http://wearechange.org/?p=34553 We Are Change

Source: Physics.org The unassuming piece of stainless s […]

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 This mesh, which is covered in a coating invented at The Ohio State University, captures oil (red) while water (blue) passes through. Credit: Jo McCulty, courtesy of The Ohio State University.

This mesh, which is covered in a coating invented at The Ohio State University, captures oil (red) while water (blue) passes through. Credit: Jo McCulty, courtesy of The Ohio State University.

Source: Physics.org

The unassuming piece of stainless steel mesh in a lab at The Ohio State University doesn’t look like a very big deal, but it could make a big difference for future environmental cleanups.

Water passes through the mesh but oil doesn’t, thanks to a nearly invisible oil-repelling coating on its surface.

In tests, researchers mixed water with oil and poured the mixture onto the mesh. The water filtered through the mesh to land in a beaker below. The oil collected on top of the mesh, and rolled off easily into a separate beaker when the mesh was tilted.

The mesh coating is among a suite of nature-inspired nanotechnologies under development at Ohio State and described in two papers in the journal Scientific Reports. Potential applications range from cleaning oil spills to tracking oil deposits underground.

Bharat Bhushan (Ohio Eminent Scholar in Mechanical Systems, center), research assistant Dave Maharaj (left) and postdoctoral researcher Philip Brown (right) -- all of The Ohio State University -- demonstrate new technology they have developed for separating oil from water. Credit: Jo McCulty, courtesy of The Ohio State University.

Bharat Bhushan (Ohio Eminent Scholar in Mechanical Systems, center), research assistant Dave Maharaj (left) and postdoctoral researcher Philip Brown (right) — all of The Ohio State University — demonstrate new technology they have developed for separating oil from water. Credit: Jo McCulty, courtesy of The Ohio State University.

“If you scale this up, you could potentially catch an oil spill with a net,” said Bharat Bhushan, Ohio Eminent Scholar and Howard D. Winbigler Professor of mechanical engineering at Ohio State.

The work was partly inspired by lotus leaves, whose bumpy surfaces naturally repel water but not oil. To create a coating that did the opposite, Bhushan and postdoctoral researcher Philip Brown chose to cover a bumpy surface with a polymer embedded with molecules of surfactant—the stuff that gives cleaning power to soap and detergent.

They sprayed a fine dusting of silica nanoparticles onto the stainless steel mesh to create a randomly bumpy surface and layered the polymer and surfactant on top.

The silica, surfactant, polymer, and stainless steel are all non-toxic and relatively inexpensive, said Brown. He estimated that a larger mesh net could be created for less than a dollar per square foot.

Because the coating is only a few hundred nanometers (billionths of a meter) thick, it is mostly undetectable. To the touch, the coated mesh doesn’t feel any bumpier than uncoated mesh. The coated mesh is a little less shiny, though, because the coating is only 70 percent transparent.

The researchers chose silica in part because it is an ingredient in glass, and they wanted to explore this technology’s potential for creating smudge-free glass coatings. At 70 percent transparency, the coating could work for certain automotive glass applications, such as mirrors, but not most windows or smartphone surfaces.

“Our goal is to reach a transparency in the 90-percent range,” Bhushan said. “In all our coatings, different combinations of ingredients in the layers yield different properties. The trick is to select the right layers.”

He explained that certain combinations of layers yield nanoparticles that bind to oil instead of repelling it. Such particles could be used to detect oil underground or aid removal in the case of oil spills.

The shape of the nanostructures plays a role, as well. In another project, research assistant Dave Maharaj is investigating what happens when a surface is made of nanotubes. Rather than silica, he experiments with molybdenum disulfide nanotubes, which mix well with oil. The nanotubes are approximately a thousand times smaller than a human hair.

Maharaj measured the friction on the surface of the nanotubes, and compressed them to test how they would hold up under pressure.

“There are natural defects in the structure of the nanotubes,” he said. “And under high loads, the defects cause the layers of the tubes to peel apart and create a slippery surface, which greatly reduces friction.”

Bhushan envisions that the molybdenum compound’s compatibility with , coupled with its ability to reduce friction, would make it a good additive for liquid lubricants. In addition, for micro- and nanoscale devices, commercial oils may be too sticky to allow for their efficient operation. Here, he suspects that the molybdenum nanotubes alone could be used to reduce friction.

This work began more than 10 years ago, when Bhushan began building and patenting nano-structured coatings that mimic the texture of the lotus leaf. From there, he and his team have worked to amplify the effect and tailor it for different situations.

“We’ve studied so many natural surfaces, from leaves to butterfly wings and shark skin, to understand how nature solves certain problems,” Bhushan said. “Now we want to go beyond what nature does, in order to solve new problems.”

“Nature reaches a limit of what it can do,” agreed Brown. “To repel synthetic materials like oils, we need to bring in another level of chemistry that nature doesn’t have access to.”

More information: Mechanically durable, superoleophobic coatings prepared by layer-by-layer technique for anti-smudge and oil-water separation, Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 8701 DOI: 10.1038/srep08701

Nanomechanical behavior of MoS2 and WS2 multi-walled nanotubes and Carbon nanohorns, Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 8539 DOI: 10.1038/srep08539

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